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Atlantic Salmon - The Fish of 1000 Casts


Atlantic salmon fishing has long been considered the realm of the wealthy. This opinion is not entirely without merit, as many, if not most, of the world’s great Atlantic salmon rivers are in out of the way, difficult to access places, generally far removed from urban centres. Further, where they are more accessible, many of the best pools are tied up in private hands. Though not often spoken of, however, I tend to believe the notion that Atlantic salmon is a rich man’s game is appropriate more because the greatest investment in salmon fishing is time. The adage that "time is money" is, unfortunately, most often true, and wealthy folks simply seem to have more time at their disposal than do we common folk, the great unwashed. The Atlantic salmon, the "leaper" as he’s known, has a well-earned reputation as a challenging fish to fool into taking a fly. In fact, they’re often referred to as "the fish of 1000 casts" and, while that might be somewhat of an exaggeration, it’s certainly true that you can spend many fishless days before hooking one. Most anglers won’t invest the time required for Atlantic salmon without the assurance they’re going to catch fish and it’s the time invested rather than the true monetary costs that lead to most considering salmon to be the domain of the wealthy.

Atlantic salmon rivers everywhere are typically beautiful places to fish

Atlantic salmon rivers everywhere are typically beautiful places to fish

What must be understood, however, is that Atlantic salmon fishing is not about catching fish in the same way it is for many other species, such as walleye, pike, rainbow trout or even Pacific salmon. Atlantic salmon fishing has a great legacy of time-honoured traditions and an unwritten code of ethics. While catching fish is still important, even for ardent Atlantic salmon anglers, how and where they do it while strictly observing the sport’s traditions, are equally important.

Canadian anglers are blessed with some of the finest Atlantic salmon angling in the world. While this fishery has suffered greatly over time due in large measure to overfishing, management strategies implemented over the last couple decades have seen resurgence in populations in many of our traditional salmon rivers and, as a result, anglers currently enjoy increasing success and opportunity.

A typical male salmon from the Miramichi

A typical male salmon from the Miramichi

Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec and Newfoundland/Labrador each boast a thriving salmon fishery. Tops among their many salmon rivers, however, is undoubtedly New Brunswick’s famed Miramichi. It can stake claim since the 1800s as North America’s finest Salmon River, its annual run of fish can approach 100,000, the largest on the continent. Those in the know say that it’s responsible for 50% of the rod-caught salmon each year. Anglers considering their options should decide what matters most to them, as some rivers are known for high numbers of fish in their annual run, others are renowned for the size of fish. Few can boast of being near the top of both lists.

Though somewhat remote and therefore relatively costly, rivers like the George in Quebec’s Ungava region and the Eagle in Labrador, are revered for the numbers of fish they consistently relinquish. On a trip to the George a few years ago, and as a neophyte salmon angler, I hooked 17 fish over three days, landing 11, and I’ve heard that double-digit days on the Eagle are not uncommon.

The author with a nice George River Atlantic salmon

The author with a nice George River Atlantic salmon

Fly-fishing Atlantic salmon is an adult’s game. The first time out you usually get your butt kicked. On my initial visit to the Miramichi I didn’t touch a fish through two days of fishing, and my story isn’t an unusual one, as Atlantic salmon are notoriously finicky. All you can do is dust yourself off and try again, nd again. Eventually, if you’re persistent enough, you’ll hook a fish. Maybe you’ll land it, maybe you won’t. Inevitably, however, you’ll fall in love with salmon fishing.

A misty morning on the fabled Miramichi River in New Brunswick

A misty morning on the fabled Miramichi River in New Brunswick

The biggest mistake I made the first few times I hooked a salmon was that I was "playing" them, not fighting them. There’s simply no room for the timid or lackadaisical here. You’re battling a fish that is willful and game to the core, fighting as though it has absolutely nothing to lose. You have to take a similar approach.

Over time and a handful of rivers I’ve come to understand the addictive nature of Atlantic salmon angling. This is fishing with a purpose, every cast must be precise, every swing of the fly followed with clear-eyed intensity. And once you hook an Atlantic, you experience a feeling unlike anything else-a feeling that everything else in the world can, and should, be put on hold.

Western Canadians have had an opportunity present itself recently that can introduce them to the world of Atlantic salmon while concurrently allowing them to see one of the world’s most beautiful countries. Iceland Air has started flying direct from Edmonton to Reykjavik-it’s a mere 6 hour flight and costs less than $800 return. With some 50 salmon rivers on this small island nation, there is no shortage of opportunity for visiting anglers. Fishing pressure is carefully managed through rod-day quotas on each river, so angler expectation of success is deservedly high. I had the opportunity to fish Iceland this summer with the folks at Lax-A Fishing Club ( and in two days of fishing, sharing a rod, my partner and I hooked 10 salmon, a pretty good result on any salmon river. Iceland is promoting itself as the antithesis to the "1000 cast" rule and I saw no reason to question it.

Iceland offers an affordable and spectacular opportunity to fish Atlantic salmon now that Iceland Air flies direct from Edmonton

Iceland offers an affordable and spectacular opportunity to fish Atlantic salmon now that Iceland Air flies direct from Edmonton

The future of this wonderful fish across much of its home waters remains, unfortunately, uncertain, but all signs are pointing towards a positive trend. The few Atlantic salmon experiences I’ve enjoyed have allowed me to gain a deeper understanding of the traditions and lore of salmon angling. More than anything, I’ve discovered that salmon fishing is not for the mere lucky, or the wealthy. It’s for those who persevere, exhibit patience and are willing to hone their skills to the highest level. It’s for those who can finally and fully understand that when they go Atlantic salmon fishing, it’s not really the fish they’re after.

Previous Fishing Articles

(1) Atlantic Salmon - The Fish of 1000 Casts

(2) Do It Yourself Pink Salmon

(3) Montana's Cool Missouri

(4) Pretty Is As Pretty Does

(5) Toothy Critters

(6) Hard Water Lakers at Cold Lake

(7) Top Ten Flies

(8) Northern Exposure

(9) Home Water Lessons

(10) Chicken Of The Sea

(11) Sealing the Deal – How to Ensure You Land More Fish

(12) Deep In The Heart Of Texas

(13) Keep It Up!

(14) River Fishing for Fall Walleye

(15) After the Flood - A look at Southern Alberta rivers and streams one year after the flood

(16) Reindeer Lake - A Diversity of Opportunity

(17) Hawg Holes

(18) Saltwater Salmon

(19) Early Season Dry Fly Fishing

(20) Down a Lazy River –
A Fly-rodding Adventure on the Lower North Saskatchewan

(21) The Fly Fishing Season Ahead



(24) Bright Fish from the Land of Silver

(25) Canada's "Other" Salmon

(26) Fall Walleye

(27) Wet Flies

(28) Versatility the Key to Success

(29) Grayling of the Boreal

(30) Teaching Kids To Fly Fish

(31) Size Matters

(32) Fly Fishing Small Streams

(33) Chasing Winter Whites One Lake At A Time

(34) Manitoba's Fishing Jewel

(35) The Twelve Gifts Of Christmas

(36) The Point Of It All

(37) Fishing With Friends-Big Weather Seizing The Day

(38) Fall Fly Fishing

(39) Personal Pontoon Boats 101

(40) Big River, Big Fish

(41) Bottom Bonanza

(42) Fishing Small Flies

(43) So Many Choices, So Little Time

(44) Four Seasons of the Bow

(45) Favourite Lakes - Some Like it Hot


(47) Trout Hunting - New Zealand-style

(48) Don’t Leave Home Without Them –
10 Lures That Should Be In Everyone’s Tackle Box

(49) Edge Walleye


(51) Smallmouth Bass – An Oft Overlooked Challenge

(52) Four Corners – Four Waters

(53) Chasing Pothole Trout

(54) Springtime Stoneflies

(55) The Torrents of Spring

(56) Drift Boat Fly Fishing

(57) Bust Them With Bait

(58) Cure the Winter Blues with a Good Book

(59) Hot Strategies for the Cold Months

(60) Cutthroat: The Angler's Trout

(61) Terrestrials

(62) Fly In For Fishing Fun

(63) Rocky Mountain High

(64) Reading the clues

(65) Where the Trout Are
The art of locating feeding trout
in rivers and streams.

(66) K.I.S.S. and Tell Fly-fishin

(67) Fly Fishing 101

(68) To Catch a Big Halibut, or Ling Cod

(69) The Bountiful Bones of Ascension Bay

(70) Grayling in the Eye of the Beholder

(71) Fly Fishing for South Fork Clearwater Steelhead

(72) Manitoba's Red River - North America's Catfish Capital

(73) Eliminating the Spook Factor

(74) Trust Your Electronics

(75) The Most Important Hatch of the Year

(76) Early Season Nymph Fishing for Trout

(77) Finding Success for Ice Trout

(78) Walleye can be Humbling

(79) The Secret to Landing the Big One Finally Revealed

(80) Winter Flyfishing

(81) North Saskatchewan River - An Underutilized Gem

(82) Hot Fall Pike Action

(83) Tips and Tricks to Save the Summer Slow Down

(84) Reading Trout Stream Waters

(85) Frequently Asked Questions

(86) Streamer Fishing for Larger Trout

(87) The Lure of Big Walleye at Last Ice

(88) Deep Water Perch

(89) Post Spawn Brookies

(90) A Fisher's Life

(91) The River's Last Stand

(92) The Big Ones Come out at Night

(93) Coho on the Coast

(94) Chasing and Catching Halibut

(95) Summer in the Mountains

(96) Peak Walleye Season

(97) Slow and Steady Wins the Race

(98) Last Ice Rainbows

(99) The Burbot Event

(100) Tackle Matching

(101) Ice Fishing Strategy #2 - Going Light

(102) Ice Fishing Strategy #1 - Location

(103) The Lure of Brook Trout

(104) The Shallow Water Hunt is On

(105) Hot Backswimmer Action Happening Right Now

(106) Fishing Among Giants-Pursuing Lake Sturgeon on the Prairies

(107) Adventure at Davin Lake Lodge, Northern Saskatchewan

(108) The Vesatile Plug

(109) Bead Head Flies, Plugs and Shot and other Spring Favorites for Pothole Trout

(110) Planning your Upcoming Angling Adventures

(111) Good Fishing at Last Ice

(112) Maximize the Odds - Use Multiple Presentations

(113) Daily Fish Migrations

(114) Fish Migrations - Following the Spawn

(115) Lake Whitefish - An Ice Fishing All Star

(116) Pick Your Favorite Brook Trout Lake...and Go Fishing

(117) A Look Ahead to Great Trout Fishing

(118) Wrestling White Sturgeon on the Fraser

(119) The Fun in Ultra Light

(120) Flyfishing and Leadcore Lines

(121) Embrace the Spirit of Adventure

(122) Never Stop Learning

(123) Ice Fishing is Getting Hot

(124) Jigging through the Ice

(125) An Ice Fishing Unsung Hero – The Setline

(126) Rainbows on Ice

(127) The Season of Ice Begins

(128) Red Hot Fall Pike Action

(129) Hitting it Right with Water Boatman

(130) Facts On Cats

(131) West Coast Adventure

(132) June Walleye Frenzy

(133) Aerated Lakes are Big Trout Factories

(134) "First Fish of the Year - Pothole Rainbows and Browns"

(135) "Northern Exposure"

(136) Sometimes There is More to Fishing Than Catching Fish

(137) Early Season Pike On The Fly

(138) Man Overboard