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Muskies - The Ultimate Predator


Muskellunge, or muskies as most refer to them, have been on my bucket list for as long as I can recall. As a young kid growing up in southern Ontario I remember staring in awe at the taxidermy mounts in the sporting shops, gas stations and rural inns; many were full-body mounts showing the sheer immensity of these apex predators, while others were merely head mounts, jaws agape, featuring the musky’s enormous toothy smile. I’m not aware of any other fish species being displayed this way and, while the practice has long since fallen out of favour, back in the day it was popular.

At the time I was restricted to bobber and worm fishing in the local river, but I was determined that one day I would land a muskie of my own. Unfortunately, we moved west before I was old enough to fish the big waters muskies call home, but I never forgot my musky dream.

I never forgot my dream to fish the big waters muskies call home.

I never forgot my dream to fish the big waters muskies call home.

For the past 13 years a friend of mine has been taking his annual family vacation in the Lake of the Woods region, near the Manitoba/Ontario border. He’s made it a personal quest to figure out muskies; his first three seasons he didn’t land a single fish, but of late he catches 15 - 20 muskies in the 38" - 50" range every year. So when he invited me and a mutual friend to fish with him for three days in August, I couldn’t say yes fast enough.

Muskies: The Fish of 10,000 Casts

What makes muskies the legendary fish they are isn’t just their enormous size. It’s also their reputation for being extremely difficult to catch, and they’re referred to as "the fish of 10,000 casts." Many accomplished anglers have tested their skills on muskies only to return home empty-handed. In fact, even where they’re relatively plentiful, they’re far from a sure thing, often described as sulking, or being moody.

Muskies have a reputation for being extremely difficult to catch.


Muskies have a reputation for being extremely difficult to catch.

At first pass a musky looks like an oversized northern pike, and while they are close relatives, they’re a very different fish. A musky is your prototypical loner, a solitary, powerful predator. Some suggest he’s to fresh water what the barracuda is to salt water. And while there is some debate over the largest musky ever caught, there is no disputing the 65-pound, 58-inch leviathan landed by Ken O’Brien in Georgian Bay in 1988. Simply put, muskies can grow to enormous proportions.

A musky is your prototypical loner, a solitary, powerful predator.

A musky is your prototypical loner, a solitary, powerful predator.

Catching them, big or small, is altogether another proposition. In his early years my friend followed the standard musky playbook. The most popular tactic is to cast over and around sunken reefs, generally throwing huge bucktail spinners with cool names like "Musky Killer" or "Double Cowgirl". The theory has been to throw these large baits all day, retrieving them at high speed. Eventually, you’ll get a musky. Or so they say. Bucktail spinners are most popular in spring, after the spawn and into early summer. As summer progresses, standard musky fair switches to large stickbaits, glidebaits, paddletails and jerkbaits, with casting again the preferred presentation. It can be exhausting to throw these large lures on heavy rods all day long, but that’s been the accepted practice.

Many experienced musky anglers say that fall is the best time to catch fish. Often they troll jerkbaits, like Suicks, or cast crankbaits, working weed edges, rock bars and sunken humps adjacent to the main lake basin. They’ll fish until freeze-up, with snowmobile suits the fashion de rigueur.

My Experience

The more I’ve investigated musky tactics, searching books, magazine articles and the internet for advice, the more I’ve come to believe that there is no single best approach for targeting these big fish. That likely explains why even the most seasoned musky hunters seldom produce large fish with any consistency; as the lone wolves of the lakes and rivers they call home, where they’ll be found and how they’ll behave is highly unpredictable.

Where Muskies will be found and how they’ll behave is highly unpredictable.

Where Muskies will be found and how they’ll behave is highly unpredictable.

I’m a musky novice, my total experience limited to three days fishing this past summer. Fortunately, my friend has been making a study of his vacation lake, fishing for a couple weeks every summer for more than a decade in an efforts to understand the whens, hows and wheres of finding muskies. He’s narrowed it down to trolling large crankbaits in 15 - 25 feet of water, most often along the shorelines of islands and over sunken humps. He’s come to believe that muskies are pelagic fish, meaning they tend to spend considerable time suspended, not resting on the bottom nor living close to shore. They’re highly mobile, and move close to structure generally only when they’re actively feeding, as that’s where they will most often find prey. He’s also convinced that muskies target ciscoes in the open open water, but has yet to fully solve that mystery.

Muskies are pelagic fish, meaning they tend to spend considerable time suspended, not resting on the bottom nor living close to shore.

Muskies are pelagic fish, meaning they tend to spend considerable time suspended, not resting on the bottom nor living close to shore.

For three days we were in constant motion. Not once did we cast a spinner or any other lure over a shoal or along a windswept shoreline. We continuously trolled large crankbaits, including Rapala Shad Raps and Bucher Depth Raiders, usually in silver/black or perch colours. We’d be out on the water at first light, fish until 11 a.m. or noon, then get back on the water from 7 p.m. until well past dark. Not once do I recall a musky following my lure to the boat, prompting the "figure-eight" presentation so popular in musky lore and literature. What I can tell you, however, is that on three occasions over those three days our lures slammed to a violent standstill in the clear depths, and we landed three beautiful muskies in the 40" - 42" range. I quickly discovered that while muskies may not always follow the script I’d read, one thing the literature had right was how strong they are and how much disdain they have for boats and people. They fight until the bitter end, and you earn every one you get into the boat.

Musky are as addictive as any fish can be.

Musky are as addictive as any fish can be.

The other important lesson I took away from my first musky venture is that they’re as addictive as any fish can be. I’ve already wrangled a return invitation for next summer.

Previous Fishing Articles

(1) All I Want for Christmas – Neil Waugh's Yule Tide Fishing Gifts Wish List

(2) Muskies - The Ultimate Predator

(3) What to expect when fishing the West Coast

(4) Tips & Tricks for Fall Fly Fishing

(5) There’s No Place Like Home

(6) A Golden Opportunity

(7) The Observational Trout Fisherman

(8) Un-matching the Hatch

(9) Alberta Super Bugs

(10) Glass is Back

(11) The Bull Trout of the Athabasca

(12) Speed Kills

(13) Entering the Twilight Zone

(14) Old Man River

(15) The Pink Salmon of the Squamish River

(16) Small stream BT fishing

(17) Fly fishing beyond Trout: getting started

(18) In The Walleye Zone

(19) Zoo Trout

(20) Fly Selection for Beginners

(21) Fly Fisher's Christmas

(22) New Waters

(23) Big Bad Burbot

(24) Looking Back

(25) Out of Africa

(26) Finding Success on Crowded Trout Streams

(27) Mountain Peaks, Fast Streams, Fall Colours And Rocky Mountain Whitefish

(28) The Browns of Autumn

(29) Fly-Fishing Pike Through The Seasons

(30) Walleye Town

(31) River Fun - One Bite At A Time

(32) Fly Fishing Larger Rivers

(33) Going With The Flow

(34) Becoming A Better Fly Fisherman

(35) Swinging The Fences

(36) A View From The Aerie

(37) Dixieland Delight

(38) Atlantic Salmon - The Fish of 1000 Casts

(39) Do It Yourself Pink Salmon

(40) Montana's Cool Missouri

(41) Pretty Is As Pretty Does

(42) Toothy Critters

(43) Hard Water Lakers at Cold Lake

(44) Top Ten Flies

(45) Northern Exposure

(46) Home Water Lessons

(47) Chicken Of The Sea

(48) Sealing the Deal – How to Ensure You Land More Fish

(49) Deep In The Heart Of Texas

(50) Keep It Up!

(51) River Fishing for Fall Walleye

(52) After the Flood - A look at Southern Alberta rivers and streams one year after the flood

(53) Reindeer Lake - A Diversity of Opportunity

(54) Hawg Holes

(55) Saltwater Salmon

(56) Early Season Dry Fly Fishing

(57) Down a Lazy River –
A Fly-rodding Adventure on the Lower North Saskatchewan

(58) The Fly Fishing Season Ahead



(61) Bright Fish from the Land of Silver

(62) Canada's "Other" Salmon

(63) Fall Walleye

(64) Wet Flies

(65) Versatility the Key to Success

(66) Grayling of the Boreal

(67) Teaching Kids To Fly Fish

(68) Size Matters

(69) Fly Fishing Small Streams

(70) Chasing Winter Whites One Lake At A Time

(71) Manitoba's Fishing Jewel

(72) The Twelve Gifts Of Christmas

(73) The Point Of It All

(74) Fishing With Friends-Big Weather Seizing The Day

(75) Fall Fly Fishing

(76) Personal Pontoon Boats 101

(77) Big River, Big Fish

(78) Bottom Bonanza

(79) Fishing Small Flies

(80) So Many Choices, So Little Time

(81) Four Seasons of the Bow

(82) Favourite Lakes - Some Like it Hot


(84) Trout Hunting - New Zealand-style

(85) Don’t Leave Home Without Them –
10 Lures That Should Be In Everyone’s Tackle Box

(86) Edge Walleye


(88) Smallmouth Bass – An Oft Overlooked Challenge

(89) Four Corners – Four Waters

(90) Chasing Pothole Trout

(91) Springtime Stoneflies

(92) The Torrents of Spring

(93) Drift Boat Fly Fishing

(94) Bust Them With Bait

(95) Cure the Winter Blues with a Good Book

(96) Hot Strategies for the Cold Months

(97) Cutthroat: The Angler's Trout

(98) Terrestrials

(99) Fly In For Fishing Fun

(100) Rocky Mountain High

(101) Reading the clues

(102) Where the Trout Are
The art of locating feeding trout
in rivers and streams.

(103) K.I.S.S. and Tell Fly-fishin

(104) Fly Fishing 101

(105) To Catch a Big Halibut, or Ling Cod

(106) The Bountiful Bones of Ascension Bay

(107) Grayling in the Eye of the Beholder

(108) Fly Fishing for South Fork Clearwater Steelhead

(109) Manitoba's Red River - North America's Catfish Capital

(110) Eliminating the Spook Factor

(111) Trust Your Electronics

(112) The Most Important Hatch of the Year

(113) Early Season Nymph Fishing for Trout

(114) Finding Success for Ice Trout

(115) Walleye can be Humbling

(116) The Secret to Landing the Big One Finally Revealed

(117) Winter Flyfishing

(118) North Saskatchewan River - An Underutilized Gem

(119) Hot Fall Pike Action

(120) Tips and Tricks to Save the Summer Slow Down

(121) Reading Trout Stream Waters

(122) Frequently Asked Questions

(123) Streamer Fishing for Larger Trout

(124) The Lure of Big Walleye at Last Ice

(125) Deep Water Perch

(126) Post Spawn Brookies

(127) A Fisher's Life

(128) The River's Last Stand

(129) The Big Ones Come out at Night

(130) Coho on the Coast

(131) Chasing and Catching Halibut

(132) Summer in the Mountains

(133) Peak Walleye Season

(134) Slow and Steady Wins the Race

(135) Last Ice Rainbows

(136) The Burbot Event

(137) Tackle Matching

(138) Ice Fishing Strategy #2 - Going Light

(139) Ice Fishing Strategy #1 - Location

(140) The Lure of Brook Trout

(141) The Shallow Water Hunt is On

(142) Hot Backswimmer Action Happening Right Now

(143) Fishing Among Giants-Pursuing Lake Sturgeon on the Prairies

(144) Adventure at Davin Lake Lodge, Northern Saskatchewan

(145) The Vesatile Plug

(146) Bead Head Flies, Plugs and Shot and other Spring Favorites for Pothole Trout

(147) Planning your Upcoming Angling Adventures

(148) Good Fishing at Last Ice

(149) Maximize the Odds - Use Multiple Presentations

(150) Daily Fish Migrations

(151) Fish Migrations - Following the Spawn

(152) Lake Whitefish - An Ice Fishing All Star

(153) Pick Your Favorite Brook Trout Lake...and Go Fishing

(154) A Look Ahead to Great Trout Fishing

(155) Wrestling White Sturgeon on the Fraser

(156) The Fun in Ultra Light

(157) Flyfishing and Leadcore Lines

(158) Embrace the Spirit of Adventure

(159) Never Stop Learning

(160) Ice Fishing is Getting Hot

(161) Jigging through the Ice

(162) An Ice Fishing Unsung Hero – The Setline

(163) Rainbows on Ice

(164) The Season of Ice Begins

(165) Red Hot Fall Pike Action

(166) Hitting it Right with Water Boatman

(167) Facts On Cats

(168) West Coast Adventure

(169) June Walleye Frenzy

(170) Aerated Lakes are Big Trout Factories

(171) "First Fish of the Year - Pothole Rainbows and Browns"

(172) "Northern Exposure"

(173) Sometimes There is More to Fishing Than Catching Fish

(174) Early Season Pike On The Fly

(175) Man Overboard